Why do I fast and pray on Yom Kippur?
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Introduction: A dear friend of mine declared that since Yeshua had accomplished eternal atonement there was no need to fast and pray on Yom Kippur in order to obtain atonement. To tell you the truth, I was rather flabbergasted at his statement. First of all nobody in our congregation thinks by fasting and praying on Yom Kippur he gains atonement. If we say that the Messiah has provided the atonement and obviated the need for the Day of Atonement, then by the same logic we may say that Christ is our passover sacrificed for us, so there is no need… Read More

Who Killed Jesus?
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Mel Gibson’s film, ‘The Passion of the Christ,” has again raised the question, “Who killed Jesus?” This topic always raises a concern in the Jewish community. Historically, every time that Christians ask, “Who killed Jesus?” there is a wave of hate and persecution against the Jewish community. Jews are fearful with good reason when Christians discuss who killed Jesus. However, I wish to bring up the issue from a different point of view to the question.“Who Killed Jesus?”The one who planned and executed the murder of Jesus is none other than God the Father. It is He who premeditated, predicted,… Read More

The Virtue of Hate
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When they came to the place that is called The Skull, they crucified Jesus there. . . . Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.” — Luke 23:33–34 In his classic Holocaust text, The sunflower, Simon Wiesenthal recounts the following experience. As a concentration camp prisoner, the monotony of his work detail is suddenly broken when he is brought to the bedside of a dying Nazi. The German delineates the gruesome details of his career, describing how he participated in the murder and torture of hundreds of Jews. Exhibiting, or perhaps feigning, regret and… Read More

The Use of Media and Modern Technology in Reaching out to the People of Israel
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Netivyah has operated our Kol haYeshuah radio station for more than 10 years in Hebrew. After we started, some groups of Ultra-Orthodox extremists tried to stop our broadcasts three times by challenging the Minister of Information. They were not successful, however, because the radio waves are broadcast from outside of Israel’s borders. Kol haYeshuah reaches a very broad area. People can hear us even from the island of Santorini and from parts of Russia. We have some regular listeners who are Israeli Arab Christians living in Jordan who know Hebrew because they used to live in Israel. Now they live… Read More

The Orthodox Jewish Camp
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Introduction: It should be noted that I am speaking of the orthodox camp and not of the ultra orthodox who have never recognized the state of Israel as a fulfillment of G-od’s prophetic promises to Israel. In the M.E. religion and politics have always been mixed and that is what makes our life so “interesting.” Before Rabin’s murder on Nov. 4th 1996, most synagogues in Israel said a special prayer for the well- being of the government. They said: “Bless the State of Israel, the beginning of the bloom of our salvation. Spread upon our state the tabernacle of your… Read More

The Early Believers in Yeshua & the Second Temple
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In the light of the New Testament and the Ancient Jewish Literature It is interesting that the first story in the Acts of the Apostles after the account of Pentecost is happening in the entrance to the Jerusalem Temple. It seems to me that this is not an accidental order that Luke was just retelling as he received from his sources. When one starts looking for the place of the Jerusalem Temple in the life of the early church, and specially as it has been accounted in the book of Acts it is immediately evident that the Temple in Jerusalem… Read More

Reaching Out from the Fringes to the Core!
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A certain Rabbi in Nashville, Tennessee was very worried about one of the main families in the synagogue because they had stopped coming to the services, The children stopped coming to the community center and they were for months and months out of contact with the congregation and with the community. But, the rabbi did not know exactly how to deal with this separation from the community, and because this was a very influential family the Rabbi didn’t want to offend them. So he waited a long time for them to come back to the congregation, but they didn’t come… Read More

Rabbi Daniel Zion z”l
The Chief Rabbi of Bulgarian Jews During World War II By

The first record of Jews in Sofia, Bulgaria, is from 811 A.D. Before that time the center of Jewish life, which has a continues existence in Bulgaria since the early days of the Roman Empire, was in the city of Viddin. Jews came to Sofia with the return of Krum, the victorious king, who brought to Sofia some 30,000 prisoners, among whom there were also many Jews from Asia Minor. To these Jews were added also Jews who ran away from the persecution in Hungary, and Austria. When King Muad I conquered Sofia in 1389, he found four synagogues active… Read More

Questions about the Torah and the book of Romans
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These questions were possed by two very good friends and Bible Scholars who have been rea/ding the commentary on the Book of Romans. I have seen this as an opportunity to put my answers on the Web Page so that others can get the benefit. Question 1: What is a Covenant? It is a contract! In the ancient world a king or a ruler would make “an offer that can not be refused” to his subjects. There were two kinds of such covenants — two sided and one sided covenants. The one sided covenant was much stronger because normally it… Read More

Paul Talks to Messianic Jews
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Introduction “We are Jews by nature, and not sinners from among the Gentiles” (v. 15.) Galatians 2:15-21 is addressed to Jewish believers and speaks in a context of Jews who believe in Yeshua. The context is that of Messianic Jews. Paul reports on a confrontation between himself and Peter in Antioch when the Jewish believers began to withdraw from table fellowship (i.e. the Lord’s Supper) because of the influence of some strongly observant Messianic Jews from Jerusalem. Paul opens his address to Peter with these words: “We are Jews by birth, and not sinful men from among the Gentiles.” These… Read More

Paul and the Synagogue
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It is Shabbat morning in Rome, or Corinth, or Antioch, or Alexandria, or Ephesus or any number of other cities or towns throughout the empire, and wherever there were enough Jews to constitute a community, they would be assembled for prayer and study in the synagogues. For Saul of Tarsus, or Paul the Apostle as he is better known, the synagogue was a natural forum for bringing the good news of Messiah Yeshua to the Jewish people scattered about the known world, as well as to the Gentiles. Saul was a Jew and a Roman citizen, born in the Diaspora… Read More

Midrashic Hermeneutics and Scriptual Inspiration
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This article addresses one of the key elements concerning the nature of Scripture as a sacred text: how it is inspired. To state its rather simple, yet indubitably challenging, thesis right at the beginning: our claim is that the “doctrine of Inspiration” is dependent upon a prior theory of hermeneutics which regards “Holy Writ” as a holy – or wholly – written text, no more and no less. The inspiration of Scripture is further bound up with the interlinked ideas of authority and canon: what constitutes “Scripture” because it (whatever that “it” is) is recognized as authoritative for those who… Read More

Messianic Jewish Theology
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The word “Torah” has several meanings. It can as is well known represent the first five books of the Bible. Or in a more general way represent the whole of the Hebrew Scripture, including the prophets and the writings. For Rabbinic Jews it means all that the Rabbis ever taught. But Torah can also stand for the covenant that God made with the people of Israel after the Exodus. The terms of this covenant are recorded in the Pentateuch. Archaeologists have learned that in ancient times empires expanded by making covenants with the neighboring countries that they conquered. The conquering… Read More

Messianic Aspects of the Passover
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The story of the Exodus from Egyptian slavery is the story of REDEMPTION and SALVATION. If you want to understand how G-od works the work of Salvation you must understand the Exodus story. The Feast of Passover is a feast given for Remembrance. I have come all the way from Jerusalem to help you remember what G-od has done and what G-od will do for you as people. In all Jewish Communities around the world – people celebrate this feast of REDEMPTION and SALVATION. It is true that they do not celebrate it exactly like they did in Biblical times.… Read More

Let’s Answer Some Jewish Questions
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This topic was given to me by the editor of 21st. Century Christian. As a Jew who believes in Yeshua the Messiah I can easily ask the questions that many Jews have asked about Christianity for many centuries. The questions that are asked by Jews who do not believe that Yeshua is the Messiah are valid, and we as His disciples ought to come up with some valid answers. The answers to these questions are not as important for the Jewish people as they are for us as Christians. Before I get into this article I must confess that there… Read More

Interview to Joseph Shulam
By Sister Adola, of the sisters of Zion, in Curitiba, Brazil By

Question 1 – Why is the term “Zionism” used for the first time in 1893, 111 years ago, and what is the significance of “Zionism” today? The Jewish people have been in exile since the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem in 70 AD. During these years of exile, Jews were scattered all around the world, even up the Amazon valley. Most of these years, Jews were persecuted, driven away from their cities and states by tyrants and kings, all over Europe, Russia, and even to South America. The long arm of the Spanish Inquisition chased them all around the… Read More

Doing Messianic Jewish Halacha
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The word “Halacha” comes from the Hebrew word, ללכת – “to walk.” It is a technical term used for the rules that govern Jewish religious life. The term “Halacha” is an ancient term that is already reflected in the New Testament especially in Paul’s letters. Paul uses the word, “walk” in some form in almost in every one of his letters. The word “walk” introduces practical instructions as to the way that the “Christian” should walk and conduct his life. Following will be a few examples of this point: Luke 1:6 “And they were both righteous before God, walking in… Read More

A Messianic Yeshiva
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One would think that with all the different institutions of higher learning that exist within the framework of Evangelical Biblical Faith, we would not need a hybrid referred to by nature and by name as a messianic yeshiva.” However, the need for a messianic yeshiva arises intrinsically from two basic presuppositions: Jewish people who accept the Brit Chadasha and Yehoshua as their personal Moshi’a (Savior) need to study the Good News of the Brit Chadasha in a Jewish setting. The traditional interpretation and approach to the Brit Chadasha Scriptures has not taken sufficiently into account their Jewish background. Granted, in… Read More

The “Holy Trinity” through the Looking-Glass of Judaism
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Introduction Among topics most thoroughly discussed in scholarly Christian circles, the “Holy Trinity” is one of the leaders of the pack. From the times of the councils appointed by Constantine, the first Christian Caesar, in the early fourth century in the city of Nicaea (Iznik, in modern Turkey), the debate over the legitimacy of this “Holy Trinity” hasn’t been silenced even for a moment as the doctrine has been defined, transfigured and transformed over and over again throughout the generations. Today we have also achieved a certain maturity that allows us to open the subject for discussion, even if the… Read More

First Century Jewish Identity as a Model
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Introduction: Every person has a variety of identities, particularly their personal and national identities. Neither of the two offers a lot of room for maneuvering, despite the fact that since the Enlightenment in Europe and the Declaration of Independence in the United States, there is a strong feeling in the West that identity is a private issue, open to free choice any time of the day or night. In fact, a person’s identity is primarily determined by his national, cultural, ethnic, linguistic and faith affiliations. Most of these affiliations are attributed to a person, regardless of his personal preferences, before… Read More